The steering system enables you to steer your vehicle in the desired direction. There are two basic types of steering systems: rack and pinion system and conventional/integral steering gear system, also known as “recirculating ball.”
Rack and pinion systems are the most commonly used today. The steering shaft turns a gear that moves the “rack” side-to-side, thereby turning the vehicle’s wheels. Conventional/integral steering gear systems are used most often on trucks. With this design, the steering wheel shaft connects to a gear assembly and a series of links/arms that turn the wheels to the left or right.